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DOCTORS ARE NOT BEING TAUGHT APPROPRIATELY ABOUT NUTRITION AND WEIGHT LOSS

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  DOCTORS ARE NOT BEING TAUGHT APPROPRIATELY ABOUT NUTRITION AND WEIGHT LOSS Studies show BMI, and weight don't predict health, but medical students are still taught to tell patients to lose weight         Nutrition is a key determinant of health. However American physicians aren't receiving effective training to counsel patients on the topic, according to a new paper from University of Georgia researchers. Current medical training focuses on weight and body mass index (BMI), exacerbating anti-obesity bias and increasing the risk of eating disorders, the authors said. And it doesn't give future doctors adequate education on how to encourage healthier eating habits. "Mainstream medicine is still very focused on linking weight to health," said Kearney Gunsalus, lead author of the paper and an assistant professor at the Augusta University/University of Georgia Medical Partnership. "Because people with obesity and higher body weights are more likely to have healt

INTERNET ADDICTION IN ADOLESCENTS AND LONG-TERM IMPLICATIONS

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  INTERNET ADDICTION IN ADOLESCENTS AND LONG-TERM IMPLICATIONS :         Adolescents with an internet addiction undergo changes in the brain that could lead to additional addictive behavior and tendencies, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The findings, published in  PLOS Mental Health , reviewed 12 articles involving 237 young people aged 10-19 with a formal diagnosis of internet addiction between 2013 and 2023. Internet addiction has been defined as a person's inability to resist the urge to use the internet, negatively impacting their psychological well-being, as well as their social, academic, and professional lives. The studies used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to inspect the functional connectivity (how regions of the brain interact with each other) of participants with internet addiction, both while resting and completing a task. The effects of internet addiction were seen throughout multiple neural networks in the brains of adolescents. There was a mixtu

Two decades of studies suggest health benefits associated with plant-based diets.

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  Two decades of studies suggest health benefits associated with plant-based diets. However, researchers caution against broad diet recommendations once the remaining knowledge gaps are filled.         According to a new review of 49 previously published papers, vegetarian and vegan diets are generally associated with better status on various medical factors linked to cardiovascular health and cancer risk and lower risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and death. Angelo Capodici and colleagues present these findings in the open-access journal  PLOS ONE  on May 15, 2024. Prior studies have linked specific diets with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer. A diet that is poor in plant products and rich in meat, refined grains, sugar, and salt is associated with a higher risk of death. Reducing the consumption of animal-based products in favor of plant-based products has been suggested to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer. However, the overall benefits of

CARDIO-EXERCISE MAY CUT DEATH AND DISEASE RATE BY AS MUCH AS 20%

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  CARDIO-EXERCISE MAY CUT DEATH AND DISEASE RATE BY AS MUCH AS 20%          Running, cycling, or swimming—if you regularly exercise, you're well on track for a long and healthy life. Groundbreaking new research from the University of South Australia finds that an increased cardio fitness level will reduce your risk of death from any cause by 11-17%. Published in  BJSM ,  the study found that for every 1-MET increase in cardiorespiratory fitness—the amount of energy used for quiet sitting—a person can reduce their risk of death by 11-17%, and specifically, their risk of heart disease by 18%. Comprising 26 systematic reviews and meta-analyses representing more than 20.9 million observations from 199 unique cohort studies, it is the first study to collate all the scientific evidence on the prospective link between cardiorespiratory fitness and health outcomes among adults. Senior author UniSA Professor Grant Tomkinson says that cardiorespiratory fitness is probably the most important

RESEARCH SHOWS STRONG LINK BETWEEN DIET AND BRAIN HEALTH

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  RESEARCH SHOWS STRONG LINK BETWEEN DIET AND BRAIN HEALTH New research has highlighted the profound link between dietary choices and brain health.         New research has highlighted the profound link between dietary choices and brain health. Published in  Nature , the research showed that a healthy, balanced diet was linked to superior brain health, cognitive function, and mental well-being. The study, involving researchers at the University of Warwick, sheds light on how our food preferences influence physical health and significantly impact brain health. The dietary choices of a large sample of 181,990 participants from the UK Biobank were analyzed against a range of physical evaluations, including cognitive function, blood metabolic biomarkers, brain imaging, and genetics, unveiling new insights into the relationship between nutrition and overall well-being. Each participant's food preferences were collected via an online questionnaire, which the team categorized into 10 grou

CANNABIS USE MAY INCREASE STROKE AND HEART ATTACK RISKS

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  CANNABIS USE MAY INCREASE STROKE AND HEART ATTACK RISKS An analysis of 430,000 adults in the U.S. found that using cannabis, most commonly through smoking, eating, ing, or vaporizing it, was significantly associated with a higher risk of heart attack and stroke, even after controlling for tobacco use (combustible cigarettes and other tobacco products,) and other cardiovascular risk factors, according to new research published today in the  Journal of the American Heart Association , an open access, peer-reviewed journal of the American Heart Association. Although cannabis, or marijuana, is illegal at the federal level, 24 states and Washington, D.C., have legalized the use of recreational cannabis. Additionally, the number of people in the U.S. who use cannabis has increased significantly in recent decades, according to the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

NIGHT WORK IMPACT ON HEALTH

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  NIGHT WORK IMPACT ON HEALTH Just a few days on a night shift schedule can throw off protein rhythms related to blood glucose regulation, energy metabolism, and inflammation, processes that can influence the development of chronic metabolic conditions. The finding from a study led by scientists at Washington State University and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory provides new clues as to why night shift workers are more prone to diabetes, obesity, and other metabolic disorders. "There are processes tied to the master biological clock in our brain that are saying that day is day and night is night and other processes that follow rhythms set elsewhere in the body that say night is day and day is night," said senior study author Hans Van Dongen, a professor in the WSU Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine. "When internal rhythms are dysregulated, you have this enduring stress in your system that we believe has long-term health consequences." Though more research i